Here goes 0.0.6.. :)
With the help of Bearophile, I optimized list comprehensions and iteration a bit further. Programs are now also compiled together with the builtins, which can greatly improve performance in some cases. For example, the Pythonchess speed test engine now becomes about 22 times faster on my computer. Please check it out, and let me know about any problems you encounter.
For 0.0.7, I am working on a 'char' type. That is, let the compiler use the C++ 'char' type whenever programs are working with strings of length one. This dramatically improves the speed of programs that use strings of length 1 and/or 'string[index]' a lot. If you'd like to try it out, keep a watch on CVS, because I will commit this change soon, and let me know about any problems.